A German pocket guide to warships shows HMS Dreadnought's superior speed and firepower ten 12 inch guns over HMS Agamemnon, armed with guns of various calibres, but only four of 12 inch calibre. New German warships followed the Dreadnought pattern of more uniform and larger calibres of gun. By Britain had 29 Dreadnought-type warships and Germany had This enabled construction of enough battleships, battlecruisers and smaller warships to the latest designs to meet government's production targets.
Britain's secret war : tartan terrorism and the Anglo-American state
Naval guns were being developed and made by several manufacturers. Even larger 15 inch guns were to follow. Germany's policies gave rise to fear of hostile intentions, particularly of invasion and of spies sent to prepare for it.
Newspaper articles and popular fiction not only reflected these twin fears but also fed them. One of the stories in 'Spies of the Kaiser' by William Le Queux features German agents obtaining secret details of the dockyard at Rosyth, a real installation on which work had only just started. Although German naval intelligence started with few secret agents, the British authorities mostly shared the popular belief in the existence of a network of German spies.http://jasonsheesley.com/instagram-location-for-galaxy-note-8.php
E.H. Cookridge, McMaster Libraries
This helped the creation in of the British Secret Service Bureau. MO5, the forerunner of MI5, used its powers to intercept suspects' correspondence and uncover the activities of German agents and their intermediaries in Britain. They were to observe the movement of Royal Navy vessels and to gather information at naval bases in England and Scotland. As part of the expansion of its spy network, the German spymasters recruited and trained A K Graves. Like some other German agents, Graves had a criminal past. Born in Germany in , he claimed he had spent years abroad in German service.
In January , having been trained in codes, explosives and warship recognition, he was sent to Scotland under the flimsy cover of attending medical lectures in Edinburgh.
He arrived in Edinburgh in January on a mission to observe fleet manoevres, and to report developments in armament and equipment, mainly at the new Rosyth naval base on the Forth, and also in the Cromarty Firth. Information about individual warships was available in specialist publications, including Graves' copy of the edition of this German handbook of the world's navies.
Although bare details of the power, speed and armament of British warships were published, the capabilities of newer vessels were increasingly kept secret. Graves carried codes for sending his messages about British warships, fortifications, naval bases and supply depots. They were written onto sealed pages of a medical diary, a plausible possession for a so-called doctor. He noted some technical details of an order for a new The German spy network in Britain before was not as extensive as British intelligence believed. Seven agents were spying in the years - few did so effectively and all were caught.
The spymaster Gustav Steinhauer communicated with his agents through Germans resident in London acting as intermediaries. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or.
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Britain's Secret War : Tartan Terrorism and the Anglo-American State
Please re-enter recipient e-mail address es. You may send this item to up to five recipients. Thursday, 18 September Scottish Independence: Bombs and bullets in the s.
The first sign of such violence came in December when two homemade explosive devices were detonated against an electricity pylon at Wamphray in Dumfriesshire. The intention of the bombers was to knock out the power supply to the north of England. The two devices exploded in the middle of the night and caused moderate damage to the pylon, but did not succeed in downing the structure. An anonymous phone-call to The Scotsman newspaper claimed responsibility for the blast on behalf of a group calling itself The Border Clan. Also in December , bomb scares at Dounreay atomic reactor led to 2, staff being evacuated from the premises.
Two other bomb warnings were phoned in to BP Grangemouth and Ayrshire explosives factory by a group calling itself the Jacobites.
The tabloid media quickly seized on the story and fanciful tales claiming the Jacobites had mortars and had two columns active in Argyll and Pertshire appeared. The pylon and radio mast bombings, coming within weeks of each other, and coupled with the blast at Edinburgh Castle a year earlier with various sources blaming animal rights activists and others Scottish nationalists had the security forces worried.
It is probable that the Border Clan, the Tartan Army and another group, the Scottish Republican Army, were in fact simply different names for the same small organisation.
In September the Earn Oil Pipeline was blasted with two bombs at 3am. On inspection of the scene the next morning the police noticed that the words "Tartan Army" were spray-painted nearby.